Have you ever missed an important deadline? Or forgotten to do something important? If your answer is an ‘yes’ this is a symptom of unpolished time management skills. All you need to do is refine your prioritization skills and start to efficiently evaluate your tasks with a proper to-do list. Sounds easy, right?
Prioritization is to keep the most important tasks at the top, and the least important tasks at the bottom. When you don’t even know where to start, here’s how to identify, evaluate, and prioritize your tasks.
Collect a list of all your tasks. Pull together everything you could possibly consider getting done in a day. Don’t worry about the order, or the number of items up front.
Identify urgent vs. important. The next step is to see if you have any tasks that need immediate attention. We’re talking about work that, if not completed by the end of the day or in the next several hours, will have serious negative consequences.
Assess value. Next, look at your important work and identify what carries the highest value. As a general practice, you want to recognize exactly which types of tasks have top priority over the others. Another way to assess value is to look at how many people are impacted by your work. In general, the more people involved or impacted, the higher the stakes.
Order tasks by estimated effort. If you have tasks that seem to tie for priority standing, check their estimates, and start on whichever one you think will take the most effort to complete. Productivity experts suggest the tactic of starting the lengthier task first. But, if you feel like you can’t focus on your meatier projects before you finish up the shorter task, then go with your gut and do that. It can be motivating to check a small task off the list before diving into deeper waters.
Be flexible and adaptable. Uncertainty and change is a given. Know that your priorities will change, and often when you least expect them to. But here’s the trick you also want to stay focused on the tasks you’re committed to completing.
Know when to cut. You probably can’t get to everything on your list. After you prioritize your tasks and look at your estimates, cut the remaining tasks from your list, and focus on the priorities that you know you must and can complete for the day.
Prioritization enables us to maintain clarity on the ultimate goals. We should have clarity on what is expected from us. This enable us to prioritize better.