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How the latest IoT sensors are transforming the world

How the latest IoT sensors are transforming the world

Sensors are the heart and soul of IoT devices, considering most devices transmit and receive information through sensors. The evolution of sensors and the advancement of sensor technology over the years throw open several innovative use cases, taking technology in general, and IoT in particular to new heights. Here’s a review of what the latest sensors bring to the table.

Interactive System Gains Ground

Advances in sensor technology enable devices to interpret images, sounds, and other rich data easily, without the support of powerful processing capabilities. As such, it is becoming very easy to develop user interfaces which react to natural speech, facial expressions, gestures, and other non-traditional inputs.

One technology which has caught on by leveraging such interactive sensors is on-chip audio processing. The technology does not require an Internet connection and frees devices from cloud-based voice interpretation systems.

Google’s project Soli, the new ultra-low power, a precision gesture-sensing mechanism for smartphones, computers, wearables, and other IoT devices. The technology allows users operate the device through gestures. The device leverages radar technology to virtualize activate imaginary dials, knobs, slides, and other controls between the fingers of a hand.

The Rise of MEMS

The sensors of today are becoming more miniaturized and donning the avatar of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). This enables permeation of sensors new applications, offering newer potentials.

Smart sensors embedded in products improve the manufacturing process. Such sensors may be deployed to set range and ensure process accuracy, control the process, and improve operations. MEMS attached to the end product may also be used to monetize products, and offer more products on a “rent” rather than “buy” basis. For instance, sensors could accurately track usage of furniture or electronic device, and charge users accurate rent.

Attaching low-cost wireless sensor networks (WSN) nodes to fruit and vegetable cartons in transit maps the quality of the goods on a real-time basis, based on vital parameters such as location, temperature, smell, jerkiness of the ride, and more. This enables a new FEFO (First Expire, First Out) model, and unloading cargo set to expire on an urgent basis, drastically reducing inventory spoilage and wastage.

MeetGlow, an innovative new product use wireless sensors to monitor electrical devices in a household or a plant and send real-time alerts to the homeowner’s smartphone. About 40% of the electricity goes waste, on average. By making visible energy use as it happens, users can cut waste and save money.

The Advancement of Sensor Fusion Technology

Sensors technology has advanced significantly, to the point it has now begun to mimic the human brain.

Sensor fusion collates information from multiple temperature sensors, proximity sensors, infrared sensors, accelerometers. lights sensor, ultrasonic sensors, smoke sensors, alcohol sensors, and various other sensors. A microcontroller fuses individual data collected from such multiple sensors, to get more accurate and reliable view from the data, and get contextual awareness surrounding the data.

The opportunities are endless.

  • Gaming platforms could acquire data such as muscle relaxation, heart rate variability, sweat, jerky movements, muscle contraction, and other vital statistics from multiple sensors embedded inside then smartphone, to detect emotions and make the game more exciting. A driving game could make the turns faster and more difficult to manoeuvre in until the gamer shows a more relaxed state, as manifested by a less jerky reading from the accelerometer.
  • The emotion sensing and processing capabilities made possible by sensor fusion offer many rich possibilities in healthcare, marketing, and other real-life situations. For instance, data from multiple sensors could reveal the number of jerks or the number of backstrokes, to analyze the way a user holds a cell phone to call or type, and thereby detect the user’s emotions.
  • Multiple sensors fitted in the vehicle and on roads could analyze the way a vehicle is moving, and alert the police of an intoxicated driver behind the wheel, for timely and proactive action.

The Emergence of Low-Cost Sensors

Side-by-side with the advancements in sensor technology, the cost of sensors has come down rapidly. It is the sheer non-availability and high costs of the sensors which have so far inhibited the widespread permeation of IoT into our daily lives. For instance, sophisticated sensors offer a world of benefits for freight transportation, but its use is still not widespread as the cost of implementing the sensor technology invariably exceeds the revenue generated by the freight trip. Reduction of cost of sensors removes this major stumbling block towards the widespread permeation of IoT.

The easy availability of low-cost sensors offers a wide variety of applications, especially in the logistics space. It also proves great and effective ideas need not be costly.

Until now, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) was limited to office work. Low-cost sensors make it viable to replace dedicated, bulky and inflexible Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) with smartphones already available with the drivers. Installing a simple SaaS-based application makes it possible to double up the smartphone as an ELD. Drivers not only get greater flexibility but may also communicate vital statistics about the trip easily and seamlessly.

Sensor embed smartphones may be used to scan freight, manage orders, take 3D images, and capture documentation. Volume scan of cargo makes it easy for the distribution centre to take decisions regarding the dispatch of the carriers without investing time into physical checking. This eliminates a good chunk of the unproductive detention time spent by the driver at the distribution and drop centres.

Advancements in sensor technology have the potential to herald a whole new world. The opportunities are endless, limited only by imagination.

Reference:

https://www.mouser.com/applications/sensor-fusion-iot/
http://internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com/opinion/How-smart-sensors-are-transforming-the-Internet-of-Things
https://www.arrow.com/en/research-and-events/articles/advances-in-sensor-technology-help-make-the-world-of-iot-see-you
https://www.sensorsmag.com/sponsored/lighting-as-a-platform-part-2-creating-smart-building
https://www.sensorsmag.com/components/intelligent-ph-analyzer-beats-heat
https://meetglow.com/
http://dreamorbit.com/rise-of-low-cost-sensors-in-logistics-and-its-advancement/

Theory-Y Technologies

Theory ™ Technologies Inc. is a global information technology solutions & products company, offering progressive & full stack end-to-end software Product Development, especially in startup space.

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Ajay Mathangi

Mr Ajay has Over 15 Years of experience in the IT Industry across various platforms and Solutions. His technology domain spans across Web Technologies, ERP, CRM and Enterprise Architecture. He has extensive experience in Project and Resource Management, and has been involved in Competency building activities for the organization. Having worked in various capacities in different technologies, Ajay has gained in-depth understanding of the interfacing and integration concepts of multiple systems and acquired expertise in System Architecture, Design and Integration.

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How to Drive Successful Innovation through the Interface?

How to Drive Successful Innovation through the Interface?

Does Software Innovation Mean Tinkering with the Interface?
The Interface as the Critical Driver of Innovation

Successful innovation disrupts the existing ecosystem, by radically changing the accustomed behaviour. Such change is often accompanied by muddling the waters, usurping incumbents from their cosy ecosystem, and giving new challengers an opportunity to make their mark.
More often than not, interface changes bring about such disruption.

An interface represents a shared boundary between two or more components of a system. Users depend on such interface to communicate between the connected systems, meaning the interface is the point where humans connect with the technology.

Interfaces have been constantly subject to innovations over the years. In fact, most of the major big-bang innovations in computing have been centred on the interface, with each innovation, almost to a rule, providing smarter and simpler ways to use a thing or the underlying technology.

The Journey of the Input Device

One of the earliest big-bang innovations in computing has been the humble mouse. When Douglas Engelbart of SRI International invented the mouse in 1964, he actually innovated to offer a simple “point and click” way to interact with the computer, a big improvement from entering keyboard commands.

Now, Pranav Mistry’s “Mouseless” is all set to do away with the mouse together, replacing it with an infrared laser beam and an IR camera, allowing users to interact with the computer by simply moving their hands over the table. Likewise, Leap Motion replaces the mouse with a tiny metallic bar placed between the keyboard and monitor. The bar captures the user’s swipes and waves of the hands, made in the air.

Such innovations have permeated the mobile space as well. The iPhone, as well as Nintendo’s Wii controller, enables users to control games and applications by manoeuvring the device through the air, without having to make physical contact with the touchscreen. The technology leverages the gyroscope, compact magnetometers, and accelerometers, for the purpose.

Startups such as Xtr3D and Soft Kinetic are on the verge of developing computer vision software, which leverages infrared, to sense whole-body-movements, to take gaming based app interface to a whole new level.

Newer ways of Interaction

The scope of innovating with the interface is not limited to device hardware alone. Researchers are constantly prototyping newer and novel software for people to interact with computers, access information, and store information digitally.

Text-to-speech was a major disruptor, offering a viable innovation to the keyboard interface. Various applications have been built upon the technology, with each application innovating to unlock new possibilities. Of late, text-to-speech has been subject to further innovation, paving the way for the rise of natural language interfaces such as Siri, Cortana, and other virtual assistants. Intuitive developers are further innovating on such technology, with the rise of intelligent chatbots the best manifestation of the same.

Virtual Reality and Augmented reality applications represent another milestone in the innovation of interactive solutions. Examples abound.

  • Augmented product displays in stores, to give users product information and web access, allowing them to read reviews, and do additional research, on-the-fly, without having to access their smartphones and search for the information.
  • Ambient Apps, such as Google Now, Circle, and Highlight monitor user behaviour and context. These interfaces innovate to become invisible, and push the relevant information to the user, at the right time, and at the right context. This is a big disruption from the traditional apps and devices which requires users to search and pull the required information.
  • TaPuMa, (Tangible Paper Maps) offers real-time directions when placing objects atop the digital touchscreen. For example, placing a boarding pass atop the touchscreen generates the map to the airport gate. Placing a debit card atop the screen offers direction to the nearest ATM machine.
  • Apps such as Nokia’s Mobile Augmented Reality Application (MARA), and Wikitude, collect data from a wide array of GPS receivers and other sensors, to provide precise positioning capabilities. This unlocks a wide range of new possibilities, such as identifying the location of a person or a vehicle, playing location-based games, unlocking location-based offers, setting up geofences, and more. For instance, iNap, an intuitive new app, leverages all these capabilities and much more, to monitor a person’s position, and wakes her up, before she misses her bus or train.

Some Caveatse

What distinguishes these cases o successful innovation from the multitudes of failures, or innovative ambitions being withered down to “reinventing the wheel?”

The first and the biggest caveat is the underlying infrastructure. Innovating the interface succeeds only when it is supported by the underlying infrastructure and technology. For instance, the success of micro-transactions and free-to-play model in the gaming industry, which has disrupted traditional game studios, is owing to the maturity of supporting infrastructure that made possible frictionless payment systems. It goes without saying successful innovation requires not just the idea, but sound competency in the underlying infrastructure.

Another caveat is the culture. Innovation thrives only in a supportive ecosystem. A culture of openness, transparency, and self-motivation are essential ingredients to enable the application of innovative solutions.

Yet another caveat is the seriousness in which users or the target audience regard the innovations. Many hugely successful interfaces were dismissed as toys or fancy gadgets in the beginning before it gained traction and went on to achieve mainstream dominance. A push, to make the end-users and stakeholders aware of the latent possibilities, and how it would make their lives simpler, helps.

References:

  • https://www.medium.com/the-mission/the-future-is-driven-by-interface-changes-dcccf5b8edf8
  • https://www.xerox.com/en-us/insights/user-interface-examples
  • https://www.cio.com/article/2402611/innovation/the-future-of-human-computer-interfaces.html#slide10
  • https://www.technologyreview.com/s/412880/the-best-computer-interfaces-past-present-and-future/
  • https://thenextweb.com/insider/2013/05/28/instinctive-innovation-10-experimental-projects-that-completely-rethink-computer-interfaces/

Theory-Y Technologies

Theory-Y ™ Technologies Inc. is a global information technology solutions & products company, offering progressive & full stack end-to-end software Product Development, especially in startup space.

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RHINE GEORGE

When they say the sky’s the limit, it doesn’t apply to Rhine, as she is highly motivated and her thirst for knowledge is unquenchable. Having moved into Project Management domain within a few years of experience in software project management, she is growing and learning everyday. Being a seasoned Project coordinator, her expertise has been utilized in multiple portfolio’s and this young aspiring person is still seeking new heights.

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How to prioritize your tasks

How to prioritize your tasks

Have you ever missed an important deadline? Or forgotten to do something important? If your answer is an ‘yes’ this is a symptom of unpolished time management skills. All you need to do is refine your prioritization skills and start to efficiently evaluate your tasks with a proper to-do list. Sounds easy, right?
Prioritization is to keep the most important tasks at the top, and the least important tasks at the bottom. When you don’t even know where to start, here’s how to identify, evaluate, and prioritize your tasks.

Collect a list of all your tasks. Pull together everything you could possibly consider getting done in a day. Don’t worry about the order, or the number of items up front.

Identify urgent vs. important. The next step is to see if you have any tasks that need immediate attention. We’re talking about work that, if not completed by the end of the day or in the next several hours, will have serious negative consequences.

Assess value. Next, look at your important work and identify what carries the highest value. As a general practice, you want to recognize exactly which types of tasks have top priority over the others. Another way to assess value is to look at how many people are impacted by your work. In general, the more people involved or impacted, the higher the stakes.

Order tasks by estimated effort. If you have tasks that seem to tie for priority standing, check their estimates, and start on whichever one you think will take the most effort to complete. Productivity experts suggest the tactic of starting the lengthier task first. But, if you feel like you can’t focus on your meatier projects before you finish up the shorter task, then go with your gut and do that. It can be motivating to check a small task off the list before diving into deeper waters.

Be flexible and adaptable. Uncertainty and change is a given. Know that your priorities will change, and often when you least expect them to. But here’s the trick you also want to stay focused on the tasks you’re committed to completing.

Know when to cut. You probably can’t get to everything on your list. After you prioritize your tasks and look at your estimates, cut the remaining tasks from your list, and focus on the priorities that you know you must and can complete for the day.

Prioritization enables us to maintain clarity on the ultimate goals. We should have clarity on what is expected from us. This enable us to prioritize better.

Theory-Y Technologies

Theory-Y ™ Technologies Inc. is a global information technology solutions & products company, offering progressive & full stack end-to-end software Product Development, especially in startup space.

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MILNA ABRAHAM

She is a performance-driven Human Resource professional with experience in facilitating support services and administration. She has the ability to work to an excellent standard under considerable pressure whilst presenting a positive image to clients & colleagues. She also has the practical understanding of business needs and effective at incorporating creative leadership skills to achieve business objectives.

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We believe in our people, just as they do in us!

We believe in our people, just as they do in us!

Theory Y is a famous management principle which assumes that people will exercise self-direction and self-control in the achievement of organizational objectives to the degree that they are committed to the objectives. You may be wondering why a company calls themselves with a management principle, right? That you will understand just by observing us on a day to day basis. Here as the name implies we believe in our people. The office architecture itself defines what the culture TY is exactly following. This is an open space which symbolizes everything is welcoming and appreciable. The open architecture is conducive through which the people here are very cheerful and they embrace all the opportunity to work.

As the color indicates in the logo, we practice positive and enthusiastic work culture with mutual growth and benefits. This positive and warmth is the base of our success and here it is completely people oriented. This open culture keenly encourages and promotes feed backs and actively promotes them into actions.

The value which TY give to their clients and colleagues manifests the intensity to win. The timely array of delivery and promotion maintains a professional standard which the industry expects. The value of time which everyone invests in TY and the time we invest is of mutual benefits and growth. The benefit and growth are not only constrained to them but also to each and every person who associates with them.

Flat hierarchy promotes and values each and every human being who associates with us. Here we encourage everyone in discussions without fear or negative repercussions. This dynamic culture is very important in modern work environment. This flat hierarchy helps everyone to communicate and share their concepts easily. This free flow of communication and idea sharing promotes and nourishes the associated people. This tend to be more democratic and promotes great level of innovations.

The innovations occur in spontaneous and unplanned ways. We give more opportunity to train ourselves and everyone to think constantly and execute new approach to the old problems. The latest technology trends and the approach which we take helps us to stay outstanding.

This flexible and adaptable structure will help us to make necessary decisions as needed which helps us to serve our clients and companions better. We work together to achieve a common goal in creating a better change for the clients. The above-mentioned factors are icing to the cake, isn’t it?

As a whole this is an innovative, open, latest technology driven place. All these make TY an exciting place to work and give work.

Theory-Y Technologies

Theory-Y ™ Technologies Inc. is a global information technology solutions & products company, offering progressive & full stack end-to-end software Product Development, especially in startup space.

Talk to Us

MILNA ABRAHAM

She is a performance-driven Human Resource professional with experience in facilitating support services and administration. She has the ability to work to an excellent standard under considerable pressure whilst presenting a positive image to clients & colleagues. She also has the practical understanding of business needs and effective at incorporating creative leadership skills to achieve business objectives.

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